第二屆語言習得、認知與腦科學學術論壇--學術報告(一)

發布日期: 2020-06-27 瀏覽次數:
題目:Understanding Resemblance and Correlation Constraints on Figurative Thought and Language
主講人:西班牙Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibá?ez教授
時間:2020-06-27 11:16
地點:ZOOM ID: 750 888 0655
主辦單位:語言認知科學學科創新引智基地
講座內容:

主講人簡介:

    Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibá?ez教授,為SSCI期刊Review of Cognitive Linguistics 主編,拉里奧哈大學現代語言學院院長,曾任西班牙應用語言學會主席,創建國際研究組織Lexicomwww.lexicom.es。主持國家項目6項,在國際頂級期刊Journal of Pragmatics, Language and Communication, Language Sciences, Cognitive Semantics, Language and Cognition 等共發表具有影響力的論文150余篇。受邀國際會議等發言60多次。


講座內容簡介:

    

In Cognitive Linguistics correlation metaphor is argued to arise from frequently co-occurring experiences (Lakoff and Johnson, 1999); e.g. someone is “in love”, because states and locations correlate in experience (e.g. we feel cool “in” the shade). Resemblance is a matter of cross-domain similarities; e.g. blue eyes can be “sapphires”. This presentation finds resemblance to be more productive in cognitive terms than assumed so far.

 

We propose two distinctions:

 

1. Low-level and high-level resemblance (cf. Ruiz de Mendoza 2020). Not all possible experiential correlations give rise to metaphor; e.g. feeling itchy and the urge to scratch oneself. However, if besides experiential correlation there is high-level resemblance, a correlation metaphor arises; e.g. CHANGE IS MOTION is grounded in the similar feelings of being in a different condition when changing state and when changing location.

 

2. Structural and attribute-based resemblance (Ruiz de Mendoza and Pérez 2011). Analogy is based on structural resemblance, which can underlie metaphor and simile; e.g. the heart is to the circulatory system what a pump is to a hydraulic system; so, the heart is (like) a “pump”. In attribute-based metaphor and simile (e.g. blue eyes are like sapphires), the two terms of the comparison have a common attribute but there is no structural relation between each term and something else.

 

These distinctions are important to account for other figures: paragon combines analogy with metonymy; allegory is a metonymy-based analogy where each of the characters stands for a whole class of items; synesthesia works on the high-level similarity of effects in two different sensory domains.

 


ZOOM 鏈接: https://zoom.com.cn/j/7508880655



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