題目：Understanding Resemblance and Correlation Constraints on Figurative Thought and Language
主講人：西班牙Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibá?ez教授
地點：ZOOM ID: 750 888 0655
Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibá?ez教授，為SSCI期刊Review of Cognitive Linguistics 主編，拉里奧哈大學現代語言學院院長，曾任西班牙應用語言學會主席，創建國際研究組織Lexicom（www.lexicom.es）。主持國家項目6項，在國際頂級期刊Journal of Pragmatics, Language and Communication, Language Sciences, Cognitive Semantics, Language and Cognition 等共發表具有影響力的論文150余篇。受邀國際會議等發言60多次。
In Cognitive Linguistics correlation metaphor is argued to arise from frequently co-occurring experiences (Lakoff and Johnson, 1999); e.g. someone is “in love”, because states and locations correlate in experience (e.g. we feel cool “in” the shade). Resemblance is a matter of cross-domain similarities; e.g. blue eyes can be “sapphires”. This presentation finds resemblance to be more productive in cognitive terms than assumed so far.
We propose two distinctions:
1. Low-level and high-level resemblance (cf. Ruiz de Mendoza 2020). Not all possible experiential correlations give rise to metaphor; e.g. feeling itchy and the urge to scratch oneself. However, if besides experiential correlation there is high-level resemblance, a correlation metaphor arises; e.g. CHANGE IS MOTION is grounded in the similar feelings of being in a different condition when changing state and when changing location.
2. Structural and attribute-based resemblance (Ruiz de Mendoza and Pérez 2011). Analogy is based on structural resemblance, which can underlie metaphor and simile; e.g. the heart is to the circulatory system what a pump is to a hydraulic system; so, the heart is (like) a “pump”. In attribute-based metaphor and simile (e.g. blue eyes are like sapphires), the two terms of the comparison have a common attribute but there is no structural relation between each term and something else.
These distinctions are important to account for other figures: paragon combines analogy with metonymy; allegory is a metonymy-based analogy where each of the characters stands for a whole class of items; synesthesia works on the high-level similarity of effects in two different sensory domains.
ZOOM 鏈接： https://zoom.com.cn/j/7508880655